Safe Internet Service Filtering Categories

Category Definitions 
 
1. Overview 
Safe Internet Service Filtering Categories are based upon the Web content viewing suitability of three major groups of customers: enterprises, schools, and home/families. They also take into account customer requirements for Internet management. The categories are defined to be easily manageable and patterned to industry standards. 
 
Each category contains websites or web pages that have been assigned based on their dominant Web content. A website or webpage is categorized into a specific category that is likely to be blocked according to its content. When a website contains elements in different categories, web pages on the site are separately categorized. 
 
2. Categories 
Listed below are the current categories of content that Safe Internet service currently filters. Descriptions of the categories are designed to assist the reader with category comprehension only; they are not meant to depict any form of symbolic representation of the individuals who own or surf these sites.
 
2.1. Adult / Mature Content
2.1.1 Abortion 
This category contains websites pertaining to abortion data, information, legal issues, and organizations.  
2.1.2 Advocacy Organizations 
This category caters to organizations that campaign or lobby for a cause by building public awareness, raising support, influencing public policy, etc.  
2.1.3 Alcohol
This category contains websites which legally promote or sell alcohol products and accessories.  
2.1.4 Alternative Beliefs 
This category contains websites that provide information about or promote religions not specified in Traditional Religions or other unconventional, cultic, or folkloric beliefs and practices. Sites that promote or offer methods, means of instruction or other resources to affect or influence real events through the use of spells, curses, magic powers, satanic or supernatural beings. 
2.1.5 Dating 
This category contains websites that allow individuals to make contact and communicate with each other over the Internet, usually with the objective of developing a personal, romantic or sexual relationship.  
2.1.6 Gambling 
This category contains websites that cater to gambling activities such as betting, lotteries, casinos, including gaming information, instructions and statistics.  
2.1.7 Lingerie and Swimsuit 
This category contains websites that utilizes images of semi-nude models in lingerie, undergarments and swimwear for the purpose of selling or promoting such items.  
2.1.8 Marijuana 
This category contains websites that provide information about or promote the cultivation, preparation or use of marijuana.   
2.1.9 Nudity 
This category contains mature content websites (18+ years and over) that depict the human body in full or partial nudity without the intent to sexually arouse.  
2.1.10 Other Adult Materials 
This category contains mature content websites (18+ years and over) that feature or promote sexuality, strip clubs, sex shops, etc. excluding sex education, without the intent to sexually arouse.   
2.1.11 Pornography 
This category contains mature content websites (18+ years and over) which present or display sexual acts with the intent to sexually arouse and excite.  
2.1.12 Sex Education 
This category contains educational websites that provide information or discuss sex and sexuality, without utilizing pornographic materials.   
2.1.13 Sports Hunting and War Games 
This category contains web pages that feature sport hunting, war games, paintball facilities, etc. Includes all related clubs, organizations and groups.   
2.1.14 Tobacco 
This category contains websites which legally promote or sell tobacco products and accessories.   
2.1.15 Weapons (Sales)
This category contains websites that feature the legal promotion or sale of weapons such as hand guns, knives, rifles, explosives, etc.  
 
2.2. Bandwidth Consuming
2.2.1 File Sharing and Storage 
This category contains websites that permit users to utilize Internet servers to store personal files or for sharing, such as with photos.  
2.2.2 Freeware and Software Download
This category contains Freeware and Software Downloads Sites whose primary function is to provide freeware and software downloads. Cell phone ringtones/images/games, computer software updates for free downloads are all included in this category.  
2.2.3 Internet Radio and TV 
This category contains websites that broadcast radio or TV communications over the Internet.  
2.2.4 Internet Telephony  
This category contains websites that enable telephone communications over the Internet.  
2.2.5 Peer-to-peer File Sharing 
This category contains websites that allow users to share files and data storage between each other.  
2.2.6 Streaming Media and Download 
This category contains websites that allow the downloading of MP3 or other multimedia files. 
 
2.3. General Interest - Business
2.3.1 Armed Forces 
This category contains websites related to organized military and armed forces, excluding civil and extreme military organizations.  
2.3.2 Business 
This category contains sites sponsored by or devoted to business firms, business associations, industry groups or business in general. Information Technology companies are excluded in this category and fall in Information Technology.  
2.3.3 Charitable Organizations
This category contains sites for organizations that are set up with a mission that serves a public purpose, and are philanthropic in nature. This category excludes advocacy or political organizations. 
2.3.4 Finance and Banking 
Financial Data and Services -- This category contains sites that offer news and quotations on stocks, bonds, and other investment vehicles, investment advice, but not online trading. Also it includes banks, credit unions, credit cards and insurances. Mortgage/insurance brokers apply here as opposed to Brokerage and Trading.  
2.3.5 General Organizations 
This category contains sites that cater to groups, clubs or organisations of individuals with similar interests, such as professional, social, humanitarian or recreational in nature. Social and Affiliation Organizations: Sites sponsored by or that support or offer information about organizations devoted chiefly to socializing or common interests other than philanthropy or professional advancement. Not to be confused with Advocacy Groups and Political Groups.  
2.3.6 Government and Legal Organizations 
Government: Contains sites sponsored by branches, bureaus, or agencies of any level of government, except for the armed forces, including courts, police institutions, city-level government institutions. Legal Organizations: Contains sites that discuss or explain laws of various government entities.  
2.3.7 Information Technology 
This category includes Information Technology peripherals and services, cell phone services and cable TV/Internet suppliers.  
2.3.8 Information and Computer Security 
This category includes sites that provide information about or free downloadable tools for computer security, but not ordinary Freeware and Software downloading.  
2.3.9 Online Meeting
This category includes sites that enable hosting of meetings, screen sharing and collaboration of documents across the Internet. 
2.3.10 Remote Access 
This category includes sites that facilitate authorized access and use of computers or private networks remotely across the Internet. 
2.3.11 Search Engines and Portals 
This category includes sites that support searching the Web, news groups, or indices/directories. Note that sites of search engines that provide info exclusively for shopping or comparing prices, however, fall in Shopping and Auction.  
2.3.12 Secure Websites 
This category includes sites that institute security measures such as authentication, passwords, registration, etc.  
2.3.13 Web Analytics 
This category includes sites that are used to collect and assess web traffic data. 
2.3.14 Web Hosting 
This category includes sites of organizations that provide hosting services, or top-level domain pages of Web communities.  
2.3.15 Web-based Applications
This category includes sites that mimic desktop applications such as word processing, spreadsheets and slide-show presentations. 
 
2.4. General Interest – Personal
2.4.1 Advertising 
This category includes sites that provide advertising graphics or other ad content files, including ad servers (domain name often with 'ad.', such as ad.yahoo.com). If a site is mainly for online transactions, it is rated as Shopping and Auctions. Includes pay-to-surf and affiliated advertising programs.  
2.4.2 Arts and Culture 
This category includes websites that cater to fine arts, cultural behaviors and backgrounds including conventions, artwork and paintings, music, languages, customs, etc. Also includes institutions such as museums, libraries and historic sites. Also it includes sites that promote historical, cultural heritage of certain area, but not purposely promoting travel.  
2.4.3 Auction
This category includes websites that feature on-line promotion or sale of general goods and services such as electronics, flowers, jewelry, music, etc., excluding real estate. Also includes on-line auction services such as eBay, Amazon, Priceline.  
2.4.4 Brokerage and Trading 
This category includes sites that support active trading of securities and management of investments. Real estate broker does not apply here, and falls within Shopping and Auction. Sites that provide supplier and buyer info/ads do not apply here either since they do not provide trading activities.  
2.4.5 Child Education 
This category includes websites developed for children age 12 and under. Also includes educational games, tools, organizations and schools. Note that children's hospitals are rated as Health.  
2.4.6 Content Servers 
This category includes websites that host servers that distribute content for subscribing websites. It also includes image and Web servers.  
2.4.7 Digital Postcards 
This category includes sites for sending/viewing digital post cards.  
2.4.8 Domain Parking 
This category includes sites that simply are placed holders of domains without meaningful content.  
2.4.9 Dynamic Content 
This category includes URLs that are generated dynamically by a Web server.  
2.4.10 Education 
Educational Institutions: Sites sponsored by schools, other educational facilities and non-academic research institutions and sites that relate to educational events and activities. Educational Materials: Sites that provide information about, sell, or provide curriculum materials. Also includes sites that direct instruction, as well as academic journals and similar publications where scholars and professors submit academic/research articles.  
2.4.11 Entertainment 
Sites that provide information about or promote motion pictures, non-news radio and television, music and programming guides, books, humor, comics, movie theatres, galleries, artists or review on entertainment, and magazines. Includes book sites that have personal flavor or extra-material by authors to promote the books.  
2.4.12 Folklore 
This category includes UFOs, fortune telling, horoscopes, feng shui, palm reading, tarot reading and ghost stories.  
2.4.13 Games 
This category includes sites that provide information about or promote electronic games, video games, computer games, role-playing games, or online games. Also includes sweepstakes and giveaways. Sport games are not included in this category, but time consuming mathematic game sites that serve little education purpose are included in this category.  
2.4.14 Global Religion 
This category includes sites that provide information about or promote Buddhism, Bahai, Christianity, Christian Science, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Mormonism, Shinto, and Sikhism, as well as atheism.   
2.4.15 Health and Wellness 
This category includes sites that provide information or advice on personal health or medical services, procedures or devices, but not drugs. Also includes self-help groups, cosmetic surgery providers, children's hospitals, but not sites of medical care for pets, which fall in Society and Lifestyle.  
2.4.16 Instant Messaging 
This category includes sites that allow users to communicate in real-time over the Internet.  
2.4.17 Job Search 
This category includes sites that offer information about or support the seeking of employment or employees. Also includes career agents and consulting services that provide job postings.  
2.4.18 Meaningless Content 
This category houses URLs that cannot be definitively categorized due to lack of or ambiguous content.  
2.4.19 Medicine 
Prescribed Medications: Includes sites that provide information about approved drugs and their medical use. Supplements and Unregulated Compounds: Includes sites that provide information about or promote the sale or use of chemicals not regulated by the FDA (such as naturally occurring compounds). This category also includes sites of online shopping for medicine, as it is a sensitive category separated from regular shopping.   
2.4.20 News and Media 
This category includes sites that offer current news and opinion, including those sponsored by newspapers, general-circulation magazines, or other media. This category includes TV and Radio sites, as long as they are not exclusively for entertainment purpose, but excludes academic journals. Alternative Journals: Online equivalents to supermarket tabloids and other fringe publications.  
2.4.21 Newsgroups and Message Boards 
This category includes sites for online personal and business clubs, discussion groups, message boards and list servers; includes 'blogs' and 'mail magazines.'  
2.4.22 Personal Privacy 
This category includes sites providing online banking, trading, health care, and others that contain personal privacy information.  
2.4.23 Personal Vehicles 
This category includes websites that contain information on private use or sale of autos, boats, planes, motorcycles, etc., including parts and accessories.  
2.4.24 Personal Websites and Blogs 
This category includes private web pages that host personal information, opinions and ideas of the owners.  
2.4.25 Political Organizations 
This category includes sites that are sponsored by or provide information about political parties and interest groups focused on elections or legislation. This is not to be confused with Government and Legal Organizations, and Advocacy Groups.   
2.4.26 Real Estate 
This category includes websites that promote the sale or renting of real estate properties.  
2.4.27 Reference 
This category includes websites that provide general reference data in the form of libraries, dictionaries, thesauri, encyclopedias, maps, directories, standards, etc.  
2.4.28 Restaurant and Dining 
This category includes websites related to restaurants and dining, includes locations, food reviews, recipes, catering services, etc.   
2.4.29 Shopping
This category includes websites that feature on-line promotion or sale of general goods and services such as electronics, flowers, jewelry, music, etc., excluding real estate. Also includes on-line auction services such as eBay, Amazon, Priceline.  
2.4.30 Social Networking 
A social networking site is a platform to build social networks or social relations among people who share similar interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections. A social network service consists of a representation of each user (often a profile), his or her social links, and a variety of additional services. Social network sites are web-based services that allow individuals to create a public profile, create a list of users with whom to share connections, and view and cross the connections within the system. 
2.4.31 Society and Lifestyles 
This category contains sites that deal with everyday life issues and preferences such as passive hobbies (gardening, stamp collecting, pets), journals, blogs, etc.  
2.4.32 Sports
This category includes sites that pertain to recreational sports and active hobbies such as fishing, hunting, jogging, canoeing, archery, chess, as well as organized, professional and competitive sports.  
2.4.33 Travel 
Websites in this category feature travel related resources such as accommodations, transportation (rail, airlines, cruise ships), agencies, resort locations, tourist attractions, advisories, etc.  
2.4.34 Web Chat 
This category includes sites that host Web chat services, or that support or provide information about chat via HTTP or IRC.  
2.4.35 Web-based Email 
This category includes sites that allow users to utilize electronic mail services.  
 
2.5. Potentially Liable
2.5.1 Child Abuse 
This category includes websites that have been verified by the Internet Watch Foundation to contain or distribute images of non-adult children that are depicted in a state of abuse. Information on the Internet Watch Foundation is available at http://www.iwf.org.uk/.  
2.5.2 Discrimination 
This category includes sites that promote the identification of racial groups, the denigration or subjection of groups, or the superiority of any group.   
2.5.3 Drug Abuse
This category includes websites that feature information on illegal drug activities including: drug promotion, preparation, cultivation, trafficking, distribution, solicitation, etc.  
2.5.4 Explicit Violence 
This category includes sites that depict offensive material on brutality, death, cruelty, acts of abuse, mutilation, etc.  
2.5.5 Extremist Groups 
This category includes sites that feature radical militia groups or movements with aggressive anti-government convictions or beliefs.   
2.5.6 Hacking 
This category includes websites that depict illicit activities surrounding the unauthorized modification or access to programs, computers, equipment and websites.  
2.5.7 Illegal or Unethical 
This category includes websites that feature information, methods or instructions on fraudulent actions or unlawful conduct (non-violent) such as scams, counterfeiting, tax evasion, petty theft, blackmail, etc.  
2.5.8 Plagiarism 
This category includes websites that provide, distribute or sell school essays, projects, or diplomas.  
2.5.9 Proxy Avoidance
This category includes websites that provide information or tools on how to bypass Internet access controls and browse the Web anonymously, includes anonymous proxy servers.  
 
2.6. Security Risk
2.6.1 Dynamic DNS 
This category includes sites that utilize dynamic DNS services to map a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) to a specific IP address or set of addresses under the control of the site owner; these are often used in cyber attacks and botnet command & control servers. 
2.6.2 Malicious Websites 
This category includes sites that host software that is covertly downloaded to a user's machine to collect information and monitor user activity and sites that are infected with destructive or malicious software, specifically designed to damage, disrupt, attack or manipulate computer systems without the user's consent, such as virus or trojan horse.  
2.6.3 Newly Observed Domain 
This category includes domains that are newly configured or newly active, but not necessarily newly registered. 
2.6.4 Newly Registered Domain 
This category includes domains that were very recently registered. 
2.6.5 Phishing
This category includes counterfeit web pages that duplicate legitimate business web pages for the purpose of eliciting financial, personal or other private information from the users.   
2.6.6 Spam URLs 
This category includes websites or webpages whose URLs are found in spam emails. These webpages often advertise sex sites, fraudulent wares, and other potentially offensive materials.